High-rise building fire protection should implement the positive principle of "prevention first, prevention and elimination of integration", namely "organization and implementation, system implementation, responsibility implementation", and form a "network management system that integrates management, layers of responsibility, special group integration, and joint management". Implementing the fire prevention principle of "who is in charge, who is using it, and who is responsible for it" really takes the fire prevention work out of trouble.
1. Organization and responsibilities
The general manager of the property management company should be the first person responsible for the fire protection of the property. He shall be responsible for the fire protection work of the property. He shall form a fire prevention leading group together with the regional customer for fire prevention of the larger customers, and shall set up a full-time fire protection office and the grass-roots level. ) The fire-fighting person is in charge of condominium management. At the same time, property management companies should be equipped with full-time fire management personnel to establish an obligatory firefighting team based on security.
Case 1: Responsibilities of Fire Management Organizations â— Responsibilities of Primary Fire Protection Personnel Conscientiously implement fire regulations, carry out publicity and education on fire prevention, and strengthen fire prevention education for employees. Regularly inspect fire safety conditions, find hidden dangers in fire hazards, and conduct rectification. The implementation of a hierarchical responsibility system found that fire hazards were promptly reported to the fire prevention office and actively assisted in rectification. Responsible for the hot work on the site of the second renovation, report construction and guardianship facilities of the unit and take preventive measures to ensure construction safety. When the fire broke out, they actively organized rescue operations and evacuated the commanders. They searched for the cause of the fire in accordance with the principle of "three spares." Do a good job of protecting the fire scene and assist public security agencies in investigating and handling the causes of the fire.
â— The responsibility of the fire prevention leading group is responsible for leading the building fire prevention work. Responsible for formulating the annual fire prevention work plan for the building. Responsible for the formulation of plans for the replenishment, maintenance and updating of fire-fighting equipment, equipment and facilities. Responsible for the implementation of "ten standards" for fire protection. Responsible for organizing regular fire safety inspections and supervising the implementation of fire prevention work. Responsible for rectification of hidden dangers in fire insurance. Responsible for checking the operation, maintenance, and maintenance of fire-fighting equipment. Organize a fire drill program. Responsible for reporting fire protection work of the building to higher authorities.
â— Responsibilities of Fire Prevention Offices Under the leadership of the fire prevention leading group, they are responsible for fire control management. Responsible for fire-fighting equipment operation, monitoring, facility equipment and equipment management. Inspect and supervise fire safety and rectify fire hazards. Responsible for establishing fire protection organizations and reporting to the fire prevention leading group for approval. Formulate various fire safety regulations and supervise implementation. Launch fire prevention propaganda and organize training volunteer fire brigade. Develop fire fighting plans and organize fire drills. Responsible for the second decoration fire approval, supervision of construction and on-site fire prevention management.
2. Fire Protection System and Measures Example 1: The key parts of fire protection management system in key areas mainly include various engine rooms, oil depots, warehouses, and kitchens. The fire protection of the key parts must be handled by special personnel. According to the principle of â€œwho is in charge, who is responsibleâ€ for the fire protection, the person responsible for fire protection in key positions is appointed by the person in charge of the unit. The non-working personnel in the engine room are forbidden to enter the premises. Duty personnel are required to observe the operating procedures and are not allowed to meet guests in the engine room. They often check and maintain the equipment to ensure production safety. Outside the engine room, be clean and hygienic. It is forbidden to smoke in the engine room, and pile up debris, clothing and chemical dangerous goods to eliminate all fire hazards. The person in charge of fire prevention shall perform fire prevention duties, implement fire prevention measures, and be familiar with the location and operation of fire fighting equipment. When an important part of a hot work is done, an application report must be written to the fire prevention office.
Example Two: Building Fire Control Management Convention Users and individuals entering the building must comply with the buildingâ€™s fire prevention management system. The user units entering the building must comply with the "Fire Regulations of the People's Republic of China" and the fire prevention policy of the building. We must achieve "unified command, divisional management, responsibility at every level, clear responsibility, and prevention of dangers," and implement the fire prevention principle of "who uses, who is responsible" and "self-prevention and self-rescue". After each user unit enters the building, a fire safety organization shall be established, and the legal representative (or general manager) of the unit shall be responsible for fire prevention and shall be responsible for the safety and fire prevention work in the area. Persons working in buildings must earnestly implement fire control regulations, understand the basic knowledge of fire protection, be familiar with the safe evacuation of buildings and fire fighting plans, and use simple fire-fighting equipment. No unit or individual is allowed to bring inflammable and explosive materials into the building. Liquefied petroleum gas, kerosene stoves and other appliances are strictly prohibited inside buildings. Strict implementation of electricity management regulations, no overloaded electricity, no random wire. Electrical equipment used, cut off the power after work. It is forbidden to block the safe passage, and no fire equipment shall be used or destroyed. No fire door shall be locked, no anti-theft door shall be added at the entrance of the room, and the door lock must not be replaced without permission (for replacing the door lock, please contact the building management office). The second-decoration unit and decoration plan must be reported to the fire prevention office for approval and must be submitted to the Municipal Fire Bureau for approval of more than 50 square meters. Only after acceptance is accepted. Temporary hot work must go to the fire prevention office for approval.
Example 3: Hot Work Management System Any hot work in any part of a building or in an oil depot must be subjected to a hot work procedure. A unit that undertakes construction fires must obtain a â€œtemporary fire application formâ€ from the fire protection office before the hot work, and specify the cause of the fire, the location of the hot work, the start and end time, and the preventive measures. After the review by the companyâ€™s fire prevention office, the company shall report the fire prevention responsibility. People approve. Large-scale hot work must be approved by the Fire Bureau of the Public Security Fire Bureau and a hot work permit must be obtained. On the hot work site, the construction personnel must abide by the safety regulations for hot work, clean the site before the fire, and be equipped with a certain amount of fire-fighting equipment. The ground wire of the welding machine operated by the welding machine must not be connected to flammable or explosive equipment or pipes. In the course of hot work operations, an accident must happen immediately, and contact the Fire Control Center in a timely manner. Hot work must be supervised by fire supervisors. The construction personnel must carry the hot work permit with them for inspection. Units or individuals that are in hot weather shall be criticized and educated according to the circumstances of the building regulations, compensate for economic losses, impose fines, and those with serious circumstances shall be investigated for legal responsibility according to law.
3. Fire Extinguishing Measures and Responsibilities Example 4: Firefighting and Firefighting Combat Plans This plan is developed to improve and strengthen the ability of building self-rescue systems to fight fires and rescues. This plan is a basic standard, and relevant aspects should be based on the nature of the floor, azimuth, and flammable substances that the fire has caused. , weather conditions, timing of fire and distribution of personnel, flexible, mobile handling; Once a fire occurs, it must be: accurate alarms, communication, fire fighting program is correct, effective implementation, the loss is reduced to a minimum; Alarm procedures: fire When the central watchman finds the fire system alarm signal or receives a fire alarm (especially the fire hydrant and sprinkler system alarm), he immediately informs the fire drill personnel and the yard security guard that they are rushed to the alarm floor or fire danger area and verify the cause of the alarm. At the same time, report the fire control person. The verification personnel report the fire immediately after confirming the fire, and take fire-fighting measures at the same time: Extinguish the fire with the local fire-fighting equipment; Organize the rescue with the person in charge of the fire protection on the floor. According to the fire situation, the firefighting center immediately called the relevant leaders to report the disaster. Immediately alert to "119" if necessary. The alarm statement: "We are the Aviation Building, located in the AVIC Community at Wah Fu Road, Middle Shennan Road. There is a fire in the squall and fire extinguishing has been requested." The alarm time is recorded. After the main commanders of the fire suppression command system are in place, the commander-in-chief The core constitutes the fire fighting headquarters (the headquarters is located in the fire-fighting center), and according to the fire conditions, the fire-fighting plan is quickly formulated, personnel are deployed, and the organization is implemented. During the firefighting and self-help, the commander has absolute command. After the fire brigade arrives, report the situation to the fire brigade, hand over the commanding authority, and coordinate with the public security fire brigade leader to organize the fire extinguishing; After the fire is extinguished, the public security fire control authority must basically check the cause to clear the fire scene. During this period, the compulsory firefighters must protect the site; the engineering maintenance personnel should promptly overhaul and restore the normal operation of the various systems and equipment.
Example 6: Responsibilities of Commanding Fire Extinguishing Officers â— General Command Responsibility Check the specific position of the fire, the burning material, the distribution and evacuation of the fire, the operating status of the fire fighting equipment and the place of the fire fighting personnel to the fire watch personnel, on-duty personnel, the director of the fire protection department and related personnel. Happening. Instruct the firefighters to start the corresponding firefighting system, monitor the alarm running signal, and turn on the emergency radio. According to the position of the fire and the size of the fire, inform the relevant personnel in the building to evacuate. The commanders at all levels are ordered to work in accordance with their respective division of labor. To control the fire fighting situation, order the fire site fire commander to: Take or change the way of fighting; Determine the firefighter to give up the rescue and leave the scene. Grasp the rescue situation on the fire site and order the rescue of the commanders: Take effective measures to direct personnel to evacuate, rescue the wounded and rescue supplies; transport fire fighting equipment; maintain external order and guide the fire engines in place. Grasp the operation of fire-fighting related systems. According to the fire-fighting needs of the fire site, order the relevant departments to: Ensure emergency power supply; Ensure fire-fighting water supply; Ensure smooth communication; Ensure the normal operation of fire-fighting elevators. Assist the public security authorities in identifying the cause of the fire and handling related matters after the fire.
â— Responsibility of the deputy chief commander (may be omitted) When the general commander is absent, he performs the duties of the general commander. The commander of the coordination and coordination shall analyze the situation of the fire scene, formulate a fire-fighting plan, and issue an order based on the opinions of the general commander.
â— The duties of the fire-fighting (live) commander at the fire site shall lead the obligatory firefighters to arrive at the scene within the first time in accordance with the command of the general commander. To accurately determine the nature of the incineration, determine and command the firefighters to use the fire extinguishing equipment and fire fighting equipment. Report the fire scene to the general commander promptly. Advise the general commander to adopt and change some kind of fighting method. Ask the commander for reinforcements. According to the needs of the scene, the fire center personnel should be ordered to operate the corresponding fire-fighting equipment. Advise the general commander to give up the rescue and oblige the fire brigade personnel to leave the site.
â— Responsibility of the fire rescue commander The command rescue team rushed to the scene. In line with the principle of saving people first, rescue the wounded and rescue materials. Commanders are safely evacuated. Command the transport group to rescue the seriously wounded to a nearby hospital for emergency treatment. Commanding fire-fighting supplies that are urgently needed in the fire scene. Direct the care team to take care of valuables. Command the security personnel to maintain the external order of the building, ensure the smoothness of the external fire-fighting channels, prevent lawbreakers from taking the opportunity to steal, destroy, and prohibit non-fire-fighting personnel from entering and approaching the building. Arrange personnel to wait for the fire truck at the main intersection.
â— Responsibilities of fire-fighting related system commanders Immediately organize the equipment operation personnel and equipment repair personnel to protect the engine room and the oil depot. Command the plumbing office to ensure fire emergency water supply. Stop the air conditioning unit operation. Direct the elevator to ensure the normal operation of the fire elevator, which is specially used by fire fighting and rescue personnel. All other elevators were forced to drop one floor and stop using them. Command personnel in the power distribution room to ensure emergency power supply and cut off non-fire-fighting power supply. The command and communications office ensures the smoothness of fire-fighting telephone calls and emergency radio broadcasting.
Potassium Fluoride Basic Information
Product Name: Potassium fluoride
Mol File: 7789-23-3.mol
Potassium Fluoride Chemical Properties
Melting point: 858 Â°C(lit.)
Boiling point: 1505 Â°C
Vapor pressure: 1.3 hPa (885 Â°C)
Storage temp.: Store at RT.
Solubility H2O: 1 M at 20 Â°C, clear, colorless
Specific Gravity: 2.481
PH: 7.0-8.5 (25â„ƒ, 1M in H2O)
Water Solubility: 92.3 g/100 mL (18 ÂºC)
Potassium Fluoride,Potassium Fluoride Hydrolysis,Potassium Fluoride Phase,Potassium Fluoride Phase
ShanDong YingLang Chemical Co.,LTD , https://www.sdylhgtrade.com